The Jugendstil or "Art Noveau " - the new art
Artistic Era and avant-garde movement : Art Nouveau (Jugendstil) was perhaps the most decorative style of the 20th century
One advance: Jugendstil (Art Nouveau) was not a closed movement. Rather, united in the Jugendstil (Art Nouveau) was a series of artistic currents of the "Fin de Siècle" (1890-1914).Cultural differences within the various countries of Europe led to a wide variety of stylistic forms of Jugendstil. "The difference between Art Nouveau and Jugendstil is a bit like the difference between the temperaments and lifestyles," says Pierre Brossard from Munich auction house quince tree .
All artistic programs in common, however, was the rejection of historicism. During that celebrated past, the Jugendstil (Art Nouveau) sought to create something modern through the fusion of art and life. Art should be an integral part of everyday life. It is characteristic then that the era of Jugendstil (Art Nouveau) advertising was first operated by posters, designed by artists, as here, a poster by graphic artist and illustrator Alfons Mucha.
Not without reason, therefore, the Jugendstil brings many ornaments and patterns together that are borrowed from nature, reflecting the broad and societal longing.
Especially young avant-garde artists inspired the movement. The well-known representatives of Jugendstil (Art Nouveau) in Germany were August Endell and Bernhard Pankok. At the European level was especially Clement Henry van de Velde, a Belgian-Flemish architect and designer, as versatile, the Viennese architect Otto Wagner again as a pioneer. Also prominent representatives of Art Nouveau (Jugendstil) are the Belgian architect Viktor Horta, the French jewelery and glass artist René Laliqueand the architect Antoni Gaudí. The latter designed the unfinished church in Barcelona, which was built in the Catalan Art Nouveau or Modernisme.
How do you recognize this style?
Since the Art Nouveau (Jugendstil) in each country had its own expression, there are differences between Brussels and Vienna, Paris and Berlin. But: The Art Nouveau (Jugendstil) architecture should always be functional. Already on the facade should be able to see how a building was organized inside. In addition, modern materials such as steel, glass and iron were used, found in combination with a sweeping floral ornamentation. Florale, areal ornaments again in painting, art and furniture of Art Nouveau (Jugendstil). Typical elements of this were water plants, magnolias, lilies and animals such as peacocks or dragonflies.
A famous and striking glass structure of the German (Art Nouveau) Jugendstil can be admired in Berlin: Hackescher Markt, once designed by August Endell, regarded as one of the most extensive Jugendstil Ensemble throughout Germany. In Paris there are the inputs to the metro, which often receive us in the Art Nouveau (Jugendstil) style. So Hector Guimard designs include the famous opening"Porte Dauphine" in the 16th arrondissement. In Brussels you can find masterpieces of Art Nouveau (Jugendstil), including the private house of the architect Victor Horta , built in 1898-1901, and now a museum. It is largely preserved in its original state - in the picture the staircase.
But world famous are the "Tiffany Lamp Shades" byLouis Comfort Tiffany. He made not only lights but also door and window glazing, stills, poinsettias or Easter eggs.
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In this respect, the transition from Art Nouveau (Jugendstil) to Art Deco is fluent. When in 1907 the German Werkbund founded to bring to the project, objectivity, simplicity and solidity in the design, joined him gradually more and more artists of the Art Nouveau (Jugendstil).
As one of the main opponents of the Art Nouveau and decisive leader in modern architecture is Adolf Loos. In his essay "Ornament and Crime", he denounced ornaments as outmoded and uneconomic to: "Ornament is labor force and thereby wasted health. So it always was. Today, however, it also means wasted material, and both mean wasted capital "(Source: Adolf Loos' Ornament and Crime")..
Tip: Straightforward contrast furniture
The playful Art Nouveau (Jugendstil) creates a special contrast to rectilinear modern furniture. Also deflects no more decoration in the room of the Art Nouveau (Jugendstil)pieces, the once desired effect unfolds: the integration of art into everyday life has succeeded in this guest bathroom.
The works of art from the era of Art Nouveau (Jugendstil) are often very colorful. The colors contained in the respective plant can be colored revisit wonderful through elements in the room. This creates something holistic and epoch Cross.
Only at second glance, take the small Art Nouveau (Jugendstil) windows with their geometric shapes in this room right and yet they give him a special atmosphere. Art Nouveau (Jugendstil) can act on its own and does not need to be brought to the fore. If the space otherwise reserved and decorated in bright colors, as in this picture, the view sooner or later anyway falls on the Art Nouveau (Jugendstil) elements.